Автор: Sergiy Gnatyuk, Rat Berdibayev, Yuliia Burmak, Dinara Ospanova
Организация: NAU Cybersecurity R&D Lab National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine, Almaty University of Power Engineering and Telecommunications, Almaty, Kazakhstan, Kazakh Humanitarian Juridical Innovative University, Semey, Kazakhstan


Ключевые слова: ICT,cybersecurity, QKD, data privacy, encryption, IoT, lightweight cryptography.
Аннотация. Key distribution is one of the most important problems of cryptography. This problem can be solved by different approaches – QKD is one of these methods. Today there are many QKD methods and systems, most of them is used in complex with traditional cryptography. In this paper the analysis of quantum technologies was carried out. It was declared that QKD is most implemented quantum technology in both laboratory (experimental) and commercial sector. Modern QKD protocols were analyzed as well as advantages / disadvantages were defined. Also it was declared, that QKD protocols can be used in complex with lightweight encryption for data privacy in modern information and communication systems (for example, IoT). To provide high security level lightweight algorithms can be changed on secure post-quantum algorithms.


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